Firebase Authentication on Android (Kotlin)

Why use Firebase Authentication?

  • FirebaseUI Auth for Web, iOS and Android (simple authentication UI provided)
  • Support multiple providers: Google, Facebook, Twitter, Github
  • Support for custom provider
  • Support phone number authentication
  • Support email authentication (and password-less login)
  • Support anonymous user

I am using Firestore and the security rules depends on Firebase Authentication for user authentication.


Add firebase to Android.

Add firebase dependencies to Module:app build.gradle.

dependencies {
    implementation ""
    implementation 'com.firebaseui:firebase-ui-auth:4.3.1'

Set up sign-in method at Firebase Console -> Authentication -> Sign-in method.

NOTE: I am using Google, Email and Anonymous authentication only.

com.firebaseui:firebase-ui-auth:4.3.1 require minSdkVersion 15, else will bump into manifest merger failed : uses-sdk:minSdkVersion 15 cannot be smaller than version 16 declared in library [com.firebaseui:firebase-ui-auth:4.3.1] error.

It is possible to bump into java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to start activity ComponentInfo{*/com.firebase.ui.auth.KickoffActivity}: java.lang.NullPointerException: Attempt to invoke virtual method 'boolean error due to incompatibility/bug of appcompat and material library.

The following dependencies are used to resolve the above error.

dependencies {
    // implementation 'androidx.appcompat:appcompat:1.0.0-beta01'
    // implementation 'androidx.appcompat:appcompat:1.0.2'
    implementation 'androidx.appcompat:appcompat:1.1.0-alpha02'

    // implementation ''
    // implementation ''
    implementation ''


class TestFirebaseAuth : AppCompatActivity(), CoroutineScope {    companion object {        private const val REQUEST_SIGN_IN = 1    }    override fun onActivityResult(requestCode: Int, resultCode: Int, data: Intent?) {        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data)        if (requestCode == REQUEST_SIGN_IN) {            val response = IdpResponse.fromResultIntent(data)            if (resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK) {                val user = FirebaseAuth.getInstance().currentUser                if (user != null) {                    Timber.d("name=${user.displayName}, email=${}, uid=${user.uid}")                }            }            else {                // Sign in failed. If response is null the user canceled the                // sign-in flow using the back button. Otherwise check                // response.getError().getErrorCode() and handle the error.                // ...            }        }    }    fun promptSignin() {        val providers = arrayListOf(            AuthUI.IdpConfig.GoogleBuilder().build(),            AuthUI.IdpConfig.EmailBuilder().build(),            AuthUI.IdpConfig.AnonymousBuilder().build()        )        val intent = AuthUI.getInstance()            .createSignInIntentBuilder()            .setAvailableProviders(providers)            .build()        startActivityForResult(intent, REQUEST_SIGN_IN)    }}

NOTE: As long as FirebaseAuth.getInstance().currentUser is valid, Firestore security rule request.auth shall be populated accordingly as well.

To sign out.


To listen to (callback) sign in and sign out.

FirebaseAuth.getInstance().addAuthStateListener {    val currentUser = FirebaseAuth.getInstance().currentUser    val userText = if (currentUser == null) {        "No user"    }    else {        if (currentUser.isAnonymous) {            "Anonymous"        }        else {   ?: "NA"        }    }}


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✨ By Desmond Lua

A dream boy who enjoys making apps, travelling and making youtube videos. Follow me on @d_luaz

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