How To Install And Setup MariaDB On Ubuntu

Dec 11, 2017

Install MariaDB

Visit MariaDB Repositories for instruction on how to install MariaDB for various Linux Distro/Release and MariaDB version.

The following command will install MariaDB 10.2 for Ubuntu 16.04 LTS from Singapore's Digital Ocean mirror.

Note: do provide a password for root during installation.

sudo apt-get install software-properties-commonsudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver hkp:// 0xF1656F24C74CD1D8sudo add-apt-repository 'deb [arch=amd64,i386,ppc64el] xenial main'sudo apt updatesudo apt install mariadb-server

Confirm MariaDB is installed.

mysql -V

Secure MariaDB setup


The following questions shall be promoted:

  • Change the root password? N, since we just created our root password.
  • Remove anonymous users? Y
  • Disallow root login remotely? Y
  • Remove test database and access to it? Y
  • Reload privilege tables now? Y

Setup Database

Login to MariaDB.

mysql -u root -p

Create database.


Import structure & data from existing sql file.

use my_app;SET autocommit=0; source sql_file.sql; COMMIT; 

Grant permission to table for user web on localhost only.


Optimize MaridDB

Make a copy of the original configuration.

cd /etc/mysqlsudo cp my.cnf my.cnf.bak

Edit the configuration with the following settings.

sudo nano my.cnf

If you are using MyISAM, explore the following configuration.

# 30% of Memory assuming shared server with web server

If you are using InnoDB.

# 30% of Memory assuming shared server with web server

Restart mysql. Any of the following command works:

sudo systemctl restart mariadb.servicesudo systemctl restart mysql.servicesudo service mariadb restartsudo service mysql restart

Install Python Library for MariaDB/MySQL

sudo apt-get install python-pip python-dev libmariadbclient-dev libssl-devpip install mysqlclient

Enable Remote Access

mysql -u root -pGRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON [TABLE].* TO '[USER]'@'[IP]' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

Open Firewall Port for MariaDB/MySQL

sudo ufw allow 3306/tcp

❤️ Is this article helpful?

Buy me a coffee ☕ or support my work via PayPal to keep this space 🖖 and ad-free.

Do send some 💖 to @d_luaz or share this article.

✨ By Desmond Lua

A dream boy who enjoys making apps, travelling and making youtube videos. Follow me on @d_luaz

👶 Apps I built

Travelopy - discover travel places in Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Japan.